The Turner Movement

Louisville’s Turnverein was formed on July 25, 1848, but is officially recognized as being formed on September 2, 1850, making it the second one organized in the United States. Cincinnati’s was first. The Louisville Turnverein was organized by William Vogt, Charles Franke, Albert Jüngst, Dr. John Hupfauf, Wilhelm Stängel, Heinrich Müller, and Friedrich Steffens.  Dr. Fischer, Hupfauf, Stängel and Vogt were among the Forty-eighters in the Turnverein.

Turnvereine originated in the early 1800s while Germany was occupied by Napolean Bonaparte. Friedrich Ludwig Jahn began the Turner movement and was known as Turnvater, ("father of gymnastics").Turnvereine were not only athletic, but also political organizations reflecting their origin in similar "nationalistic gymnastic" organizations in Europe. The Turner movement in Germany was liberal in nature, and many Turners took part in the Revolution of1848. After the revolution was suppressed, many Turners left Germany, and approximately four thousand immigrated to the United States. Called Forty-eighters, many of the revolutionists fought for the Union. Some became politicians. Turnvereine functioned as physical education, social, political, and cultural organizations for German immigrants, By 1860 there were approximately 150 Turnvereine in the United States claiming 10,000 members. Germans who were not Forty-eighters but shared a similar Weltanschauung (worldview) also joined these organizations. In 1938 the organization's name was changed to American Turners.

For more information about Turners in the United States go to http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0101328915000281

 

 Turnerverein Officers from the 1861 City of Louisville Directory,

William Vogt was one of the best Turners of his time. Jahrbücher der deutsch-amerik: Turnerei, Volumes 1-3




Victor Stein, a native of Melle,Hannover, Germany, resided in Louisville, and served as Commissary Sergeant in the 6th Ky. Vol. Infantry Regiment  U. S.

      Photo Louisville Anzeiger

 
 
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Co-founder Friedrich W. Steffens was a native of Prussia and in 1860 was a clergyman at the German Reformed Church in Louisville.
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Co-founder Charles L. Franke was born in 1825 in Hesse-Cassal. In 1870 his occupation was banker. He died June 20, 1891 in Louisville and is burued in St. Louis Cemetery.
                                                                                                        Courier-Journal
                          Located on Jefferson Street near Preston (Photo from Louisville Anzeiger)

The organization purchased the property at 3125 River Road now known as Turner Park in 1911. It is the current headquarters.

                                                       Tuner Hall, 310 E. Broadway, Louisville, Kentucky. Dedicated in 1917. Sold in 1984.               

                                                                        Thanks to Bob Ullrich for the Turner Hall photos above.
                                                                       Photo of Members of Louisville Turnverein taken between 1850 and 1861
                                                                                                  Note the white uniforms           
                                                                                                       Courier-Journal                          
History of Louisville Turners in Courier-Journal June 22, 1889
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                             Members of Louisville Turnverein between 1850 and 1857

Theo. Ahrens

Wm. Buhrlage

Andreas Fischer

Adolph Holzstein

F. Albert

Frank Bundschu

Andreas Fischer

Mathes Hoerth

Carl Albrecht

Ernst F. Caspari

Louis Fass

Conrad Hotopp

G. W. Albrecht

John M. Chron?

B. Frank

G. Huber

Heinrich  Appel

Charles Dake

[Charles] L. Franke

Caarl Huebicher

L. Arinbrecht

W. Dake

W. Franz

G. Friedrich Hunke

Jacob Bald

P. Denhard

Chas. Funke

Dr. E. Hupfauf

George F. Barth

A. Derlkinger

M. Galleazzo

Maxamillion Hupfauf

F. A. Bartels

Wilhelm Dickmann

P. Fr. Gamp

H.  Huthig

H.Batsbeuts

Henry Dippel

Carl Geisinger

Martin Irion

J. Bauer

C. P. Doerr

J. F. Gelhaar

Math Irion

Friedrich Bauers

G. C. Doernhoefer

Edward Glaser

Michael Jacob

W. R. Baxter

Otto Dolfinger

Frank Glass

V. Kaempfer

Jacon Beck

Benjamin Domeck

Jacob? Glockner

Louis Kaiser

Karl Beh

Conrad H. Dorn

F. Gmelin

A. Kassmann

C. F. G.Behrendt

F. Dreschnach

John E. Gock?

M. Kaufman

C. Beilstein

Georg Durringer

Joseph Goessler

P. Keerl

F. R. Bender

J. Durringer

F. Goetzman

Henry P. Keiske

George Bender

Jacob Eberhard

George Philipp Graf

Ch. Knauth

Theodor Benecky

August Eckelmann

Ludwig Grain?

Fritz Kneisel

Wolf Bensinger

Clemens Eckerle

H. Greenebaum

J. Knoechelmann

Daniel Berg

Joseph Eckstein

Adolph Hagern

Henry Knoefel

Adam Buether

A. J. Egelhoff

Wm. N. Hailman

Wm. Knoeller

P. A. Bill

J. H. Egelhoff

E. Halbleib

H. W. Koch

Gustav Bütner

Edward Ehrmann

C. Haller

William Koester

Jos. Bittner

Henry Elfers

H. Harbsmeier

M. Kohlenberger

Simon Boehser

John Eller

Christoph Haupt

A. Kohlhepp

Jos. Boeser

Ed. Elterisch

Chas. Hebel

O. Kosiol

George P. Bohn

Louis Elwang

John Hebel

F. C. Kosiol

H. J. Bolkhars

Wm. Elwang

A Heimmerdinger

C. M. Koster

H. Bonnig?

H. Eschmann

Lorenz Herdt

Karl Jos. Kramer

F. Bornschein

Julius Eschmann

G. A. Herms

Albert Krantz

Fr. Boss

Victory Eschmann

Lorenz Herr.

August Kratz

John Boss

William Eschmann

Frank Hermann

P. P. Kraus

Henry Brankmeier

Carl Fachmann

D. Hesselbein

J. Krugg

Daniel F. Brand

F. Faller

Ferd Heuss

F. Krummreich

C. Brandecker

Nicholas Fehr

Christian Hielt

J. Anton Kutzle[b]

Max Brandegger

H. Fichtner

Isaac Hirsch

C. Ladewig

F. Brandt

Franz Fintzel

J. J. Hirschbuehl


Herman Braun

Joseph J. Fischer

George Hoffmann


H. Bringmann

Dr. C. A. Fischer

N. A. Hoffmann






Page 2 of 2




W. Lafaire

Peter Noll

Charles Schuff

Christian Ulrich

Charles Lay

H. Nolte

Dr. J. Schulte

Georg Unglaub

Dr. William Lay

Fred Normans

Gustav A. Schultz

John Unglaub

Gustauv Laun

John Nuss

Chas. Schulz

H. L. Vautel?

A. Ledabur

W. Orth

Jacob Schuster

Charles Vesper

Michael Leeb

Friedrich Otte

Mark Schuster

Kaspar Vetter

August Legemann

J. Panse

F. H. Schwenk

John Voegtle

Jos. A. Lehner

Eusebius Pfeffer

Wm. Seiffert

Joseph Vogler

Gustav A. Lehnert

H. Pfeffer

Fred Senning

Wm. Vogt

Emil Leinau

Fried. Pfisterer

Herman Shols

L. Vormbrock

John Lemp

Charles Pfromer

Edward Sieboldt

John Waidele

Herman Lencke

Karl Ploeter

Friedrich Sieboldt

Joseph Wahl

Ph. Lerske

Carl Ramsbrok

Herman Sieboldt

Karl Waltz

Joseph Lichtenstein

William Rasch

Wm. Sievers

Jos. Waschle

John M. Liebert

O. Rauchfass

Frank Sievert

Otto G. Weber

W. Lincker

H. Rech

Henry Simmler

Geo. Walker

George Loeffert

William Reinecke

C. Sorensen

L. ? Weiland

S. Maas

John Reidling

Fred. Spelger

Philipp Weingertner

Charles Mader

Joseph Roth

Carl Spiller

Friedr. Weiss

John Mader

Wm. Ruby

J. W. Spoehr

Wilhelm Weitzel

A. Maier

Conrad Ruehs

George Sprenger

Erich Wellmann

Adolph Maier

Heinrich Runge

Louis Stadler

Th. Wergo

John C. Martin

Mathies Sauer

Eduard Starke

L. Wiedemann

Jacob Mass

E. Sauermann

F. Steffen

Wilhelm Wieland

August Matthies

Georg Schaaf

Christian Stege

Alwin Winkler

Hermann Meislahn

Heinrich Joseph Schade

Aug. Stein

Julius Winstel

Georg Merkle

Carl H. O. Schaefer

Fritz Stein

Otto Winstel

Ferdinand Metz

Freank M. Schaefer

G. Ch. Stein

Louis Winter

Ed Meyer

Emil Scheffer

H. Stein

Heinrich Wolf

Wm. Michaelman

Georg Scheuferstel?

Victor Stein

R. J. Wolff

C. Miller

Carl Schmelz

Franz Steiniger

Ch. Zaudinger

H. Miller

H. C. Schmich

H. Stern

Haver ? Zell

Henry Miller ll

A. L. Schmidt

F. H. Strate

Max Zoeller

Henry F. A. Miller

J. G. Schmidt

Bernhard Strube

Fred Zueber

John Miller

John Schmitt

Louis Stumpf


Georg Moeller

Aug. Schneider

Adolph I. Tafel


Carl Mueller

Carl Schneider

Carl Tafel


H. Mueller

Eduard Schneider

Joseph Taufkirch


Mathias Mueller

Georg Schneider

Friedrich Trefzer


Heinrich Muenchof

F. M. M. Schoen

Wihl. Triller


Aug. Mueneheimer

Henry Schoening

Jos. Triller


Moses Nahm?

Simon Schoening

Primin Tutz


Jacob Neckbach

John Schoelettli

Adam Uhrig


F. Nicklies

Jacob Schraler

Valentin Uhrig






Compiled from A Review of Our First Hundred Years, Louisville Turners, Souvenir Edition (located at the Filson Historical Society).
The names were extracted by the pamphlet's publisher from signatures in the booklet titled Verfassung der deutschen Turn-Gemeinde in Louisville, Ky. published in 1857.
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